Create Simple GUI Applications With PYQT
In this tutorial we'll learn how to use PyQt to create desktop applications with Python.First we'll create a series of simple windows on your desktop to ensure that PyQt is working and introduce some of the basic concepts. Then we'll take a brief look at the event loop and how it relates to GUI programming in Python. Finally we'll look at Qt's QMainWindow which offers some useful common interface elements such as toolbars and menus. These will be explored in more detail in the subsequent tutorials.
Create Simple GUI Applications with PYQT
In Qt all top level widgets are windows -- that is, they don't have a parent and are not nested within another widget or layout. This means you can technically create a window using any widget you like.
Before getting the window on the screen, there are a few key concepts to introduce about how applications are organized in the Qt world. If you're already familiar with event loops you can safely skip to the next section.
The window is currently freely resizable -- if you grab any corner with your mouse you can drag and resize it to any size you want. While it's good to let your users resize your applications, sometimes you may want to place restrictions on minimum or maximum sizes, or lock a window to a fixed size.
In this section we've covered the QApplication class, the QMainWindow class, the event loop and experimented with adding a simple widget to a window. In the next section we'll take a look at the mechanisms Qt provides for widgets and windows to communicate with one another and your own code.
Martin Fitzpatrick has been developing Python/Qt apps for 8 years. Building desktopapplications to make data-analysis tools more user-friendly, Python wasthe obvious choice. Starting with Tk, later moving to wxWidgets and finally adopting PyQt.
These features can be combined to create advanced UIs as well as standalone applications. A lot of major companies across all industries use Qt. Some examples are LG, Mercedes, AMD, Panasonic, Harman, etc.
However, PyQt has a robust layout management engine which can be used to create advanced user interfaces for applications. In this section, you will learn about two important classes that are used in Qt to create and manage layouts.
That is all you need to do if you want to create some basic themes for your app. PyQt also allows you to use stylesheets to define the look of your widgets. If you are familiar with CSS, you can easily define advanced styles for your app using Qt Style Sheets.
This is a huge library that provides us with tons of options and packages that make GUI programming a lot easier. The main benefit is that it comes with a built-in Qt Designer Studio. It is a drag and drop interface that helps us in the rapid development of desktop applications.
In this section, we will be creating a simple GUI application and executing it using command line arguments. It will not be a working one. This is just a demo of how we create basic layouts and then change them to the scripts. So let us start:
Development frameworks are designed to make the life of a developer easier. They make a particular kind of application easier to create, or a particular language easier to work with. A GUI framework for Python makes developing the user interface for your application far easier than trying to code it by hand in Python.
The Python GUI Project, aka PyGUI framework, is a simple API for developers to create user interfaces using native elements for Python applications. As a lightweight API, not a lot of code is needed between the app and the target platform, making it far more efficient than many of the other frameworks on this list.
wxPython is a cross-platform GUI toolkit you can use to create robust, functional GUIs in a simple and easy manner. The implementation is a set of Python extension modules that wrap the GUI components of the wxWidgets cross-platform library, which is written in C++.
An alternative tool to py2exe is bbfreeze which generates executables for windows and linux. It's newer than py2exe and handles eggs quite well. I've found it magically works better without configuration for a wide variety of applications.
PyQt5 is python module that allows you to very quickly build GUI applications. It is often compared to Tkinter but has a few differences. The main one is the speed at which you can develop GUI's. PyQt comes with an amazing tool called Qt-Designer which is a drag and drop interface that automatically generates code for you based on the GUI you build. This makes it much faster to build good looking applications. Another difference is that Tkinter comes by default with python 3+, where PyQt must be installed.
Defining the current task. The very first step in creating a GUI app in Python is what will be solved and estimated as result of the application? The answer to this question will define your next step. Field of the usage is very wide. Data visualizations of the scientific valuations and results, personal applications performance to working with texts, images, additional functions, business automation GUI`s for developing systems and managing tasks, and monitoring. Home use is also fun. Preliminary estimation of the size and functionality of the application is necessary because it is important for choosing GUI toolkit which will fit for these tasks. Gaining a basic understanding of the Python programming language is crucial for any developer to build a desktop application with GUI.
PyQt is a GUI widgets toolkit. It is a Python interface for Qt, one of the most powerful, and popular cross-platform GUI library. PyQt is a blend of Python programming language and the Qt library. This introductory tutorial will assist you in creating graphical applications with the help of PyQt.
Python has been the most trending programming language used for object oriented progamming. With python you can run simple statement over and over again without having to compile a whole program of which it's output functionality is superb.
Of course, Python is an interactive programming which has a diverse range of options for GUI (Graphical User Interface) framework (help developers create GUI applications in an easy and secure manner). This article discusses the Best Python framework for building a desktop application and GUI.
PyGUI is the simplest and most lightweight of all GUIs because it is purely in sync with Python programming language. It is a cross-platform graphical application framework for Windows, Mac OS, and Unix.
I've seen PySimpleGUI confused with SimpleGUI or something similar by a couple of people. Many of the earlier attempts at a simple Python GUI package have been abandoned, so perhaps this is why you've not seen any changes since 2017?
Fantastic. Just the summary I was looking for. I want to create a small, simple desktop app for sharing without a ton of unneeded baggage. (I once shared a small app for graphing which required only 25k bytes because it relied on dlls already in Windows.) Thanks.
wxPython is a GUI toolkit for the Python programming language. It allows Pythonprogrammers to create programs with a robust, highly functional graphical userinterface, simply and easily. It is implemented as a Python extension module(native code) that wraps the popular wxWidgets cross platform GUI library, whichis written in C++.
Here, we can modify the window a bit. Keep in mind, that applications and their windows are created in memory first, then they are brought to the user's screen last. This is the same process that you see done with other forms of Graphics in programming, like games with PyGame, or graphing with Matplotlib. The reason for this is graphical rendering is cumbersome, and it would be rather inefficient to continuously be making edits and refreshing to the user's screen for each element. So, when we modify the window like this, it is not like the window will pop up full screen, and then change shape moments later. The screen has not yet been shown to the user, we're just building it in the memory.
PyQt5 is fully cross-platform, meaning developers can use it to build applications on a variety of platforms like Mac, Windows, Linux, iOS, and Android. It offers QtGUI and QtDesigner modules that provide visual elements the developer can implement with drag and drop. You can also opt to create the element by code, which enables you to develop small-scale and large-scale applications easily.
One more Python library for GUI is wxPython, which enables Python developers to create native user interfaces with zero additional overhead to the application. Like the other libraries and frameworks, wxPython works on a variety of platforms like Mac OS, Windows, Linux, and Unix-based systems.
The framework relies on four other GUI frameworks: Qt, Tkinter, wxPython, and Remi. By implementing most of the code, the difficulty of them falls dramatically. Beginners can pick the GUI framework and have easy access to the visual elements that come with it, enabling them to create intuitive user interfaces.
The open-source and cross-platform library makes it easy for developers to create applications for multiple platforms without needing to make significant changes to the code. It also provides instances of popular graphic-centric libraries like PyQT and Open GL.
Qt is considered the golden standard for GUI design, with all other Python GUI frameworks being measured against it. This means PySide2 enables Python developers to access a wide collection of effective tools and libraries to quickly and flexibly create user interfaces.
Wax was designed to create a more simple way to access Python elements and objects for building GUIs. With the underlying platform being wxWindows, which is highly efficient, Wax has a high level of efficiency and speed.
Closing out our list of 10 best Python libraries for GUI is PyGUI, which is a simple API that enables developers to create user interfaces with native elements for Python applications. It is a lightweight framework requiring less code between the app and target platform, which also ensures more efficiency. 041b061a72